This website is intended for Medical Professionals only. By using this site you confirm that you are a healthcare professional.

News
OSKAR KOKOSCHKA EXPRESSIONIST, MIGRANT, ...     By Francesco Carelli, University Milan - The Leopold ... (20 Apr 2019)
Fish are accumulating certain ... The UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has found that ... (19 Apr 2019)
The pressure to prescribe: Antibiotic ... Outpatient healthcare providers inappropriately prescribed ... (17 Apr 2019)
Study Provides Insights on Marijuana and ... A new study reveals that many people with cancer use marijuana, ... (17 Apr 2019)
Testosterone and cortisol modulate the ... Researchers at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country ... (17 Apr 2019)
Friday, 09 December 2016 15:38

Hepatitis

Written by
Rate this item
(0 votes)

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver and can have different causes. Viral hepatitis is caused by five different types of viruses, type A to type E. However, types A, B and C are the most common. The prognosis includes liver cancer, cirrhosis, extreme fatigue, vertigo and jaundice.

Hepatitis A is transmitted via the faeco-oral route or through contaminated water or food. It does not lead to chronic long term liver disease.

Hepatitis B is transmitted via sexual contact, blood-to-blood contact such as infected needles and from mother-to-child during childbirth. It leads to chronic disease, usually liver cirrhosis and cancer. Symptoms include aches and pains, abdominal discomfort and hematuria. Once contracted 95% of adults will clear the virus and not develop chronic hepatitis B. There are two drug treatments, i.e. anti-viral medication, and peginterferon alfa or interferon alfa exhibiting immune-modulatory properties.

Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus which is transmitted through infected needles or contaminated equipment. Although it is slow acting, it results in serious disease such as liver cancer.

Hepatitis D is transmitted through mucosal contact with infectious blood and can be acquired either as a co-infection with hepatitis B virus or as superinfection in people with hepatitis B virus infection. On the other hand, hepatitis E, like type A, is transmitted via the faeco-oral route.

As Desidius Erasmus said, Prevention is better than cure. Preventive measures are vital to combat these viruses. Vaccination is available against hepatitis A and B. Vaccines are not yet available for hepatitis C although some candidate vaccines are being studied. Sanitising hands and avoiding contaminated water are also essential at combating viral hepatitis.

Additional Info

  • TheSynapse Magazines: 2016
Read 3598 times Last modified on Saturday, 14 April 2018 20:30
Top
We use cookies to improve our website. By continuing to use this website, you are giving consent to cookies being used. More details…