This website is intended for Medical Professionals only. By using this site you confirm that you are a healthcare professional.

News
Early autism screening has limited effect Screening for autism at three years of age only identifies those ... (18 Jun 2019)
Research explores the impact of masculine ... Pressures and expectations of masculinity and a lack of ... (18 Jun 2019)
Schizophrenia: adolescence is the ... Schizophrenia causes hallucinations and memory or cognition ... (18 Jun 2019)
Atrial fibrillation linked to increased risk ... Atrial fibrillation (AF) is linked to an increased risk of ... (18 Jun 2019)
Study challenges “no pain no gain” ... Patients with peripheral arterial disease should be given the ... (18 Jun 2019)
Friday, 09 December 2016 15:38

Hepatitis

Written by
Rate this item
(0 votes)

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver and can have different causes. Viral hepatitis is caused by five different types of viruses, type A to type E. However, types A, B and C are the most common. The prognosis includes liver cancer, cirrhosis, extreme fatigue, vertigo and jaundice.

Hepatitis A is transmitted via the faeco-oral route or through contaminated water or food. It does not lead to chronic long term liver disease.

Hepatitis B is transmitted via sexual contact, blood-to-blood contact such as infected needles and from mother-to-child during childbirth. It leads to chronic disease, usually liver cirrhosis and cancer. Symptoms include aches and pains, abdominal discomfort and hematuria. Once contracted 95% of adults will clear the virus and not develop chronic hepatitis B. There are two drug treatments, i.e. anti-viral medication, and peginterferon alfa or interferon alfa exhibiting immune-modulatory properties.

Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus which is transmitted through infected needles or contaminated equipment. Although it is slow acting, it results in serious disease such as liver cancer.

Hepatitis D is transmitted through mucosal contact with infectious blood and can be acquired either as a co-infection with hepatitis B virus or as superinfection in people with hepatitis B virus infection. On the other hand, hepatitis E, like type A, is transmitted via the faeco-oral route.

As Desidius Erasmus said, Prevention is better than cure. Preventive measures are vital to combat these viruses. Vaccination is available against hepatitis A and B. Vaccines are not yet available for hepatitis C although some candidate vaccines are being studied. Sanitising hands and avoiding contaminated water are also essential at combating viral hepatitis.

Additional Info

  • TheSynapse Magazines: 2016
Read 3816 times Last modified on Saturday, 14 April 2018 20:30

Highlights

Join

Connect with other Medical Professionals on fb in a closed facebook group

Login

Top
We use cookies to improve our website. By continuing to use this website, you are giving consent to cookies being used. More details…