Linlin Li, PhD, MPH, Duke University Medical Center (Durham, NC), Steven Kelder, PhD, MPH, The University of Texas School of Public Health (Austin), and coauthors assessed the dose-response relationship between weight status and cardio-metabolic risk factors among U.S. youths 6-19 years of age using data collected between 1999-2012. Based on a definition of severe obesity as a body mass index of at least 35 kg/m2, the researchers found that among severely obese adolescents, nearly 10% had high blood pressure, 40% had high triglycerides, 30% had high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and about 27% had high fasting glucose. The results are reported in the article "Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Severely Obese Children and Adolescents in the United States, 1999-2012
"These findings dramatize the heightened cardiovascular disease risks associated with severe obesity even among teenagers," says Childhood Obesity Editor-in-Chief Tom Baranowski, PhD, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. "While causality cannot be inferred from these analyses, they do indicate that effective treatment programs are urgently needed for severely obese teens, and more effective prevention programs are needed at much earlier ages."
Full bibliographic information:
Cardiometabolic Risk Factors among Severely Obese Children and Adolescents in the United States, 1999-2012
Li Linlin, Pérez Adriana, Wu Li-Tzy, Ranjit Nalini, Brown Henry S., and Kelder Steven H.. Childhood Obesity. January 2016